MERN Stack for Web Application Development? Here’s How It Works

MERN Stack
652 Views

We usually focus on software creation when we hear about renowned development companies. What ends up happening is that we gloss over the efforts many software development companies make on web application development. The new wave of shifting from a pure website to a web application format is helping developers. Can MERN stack be a viable way to get there? Let’s find out.

What is a Web Application?

A web app is essentially a mobile application but on a desktop. Like iOS and Android, web apps get built on web technologies such as HTML5 and CSS3. These technologies store and manipulate data (CRUD) when needed.  Web apps use the resources of a computer and a browser to perform tasks over the internet. However, stating such a simpler version of what web apps do might be a disservice to the technology.

Web Application Development Process

You might see various ways MERN stack web app developers go about making applications for different industries or niches depending on the requirement of the project.

The most traditional route is to utilize backend languages such as Python or Ruby for web app functionality control, HTML5 and CSS3 for frontend, and GitHub or Jenkins for DevOps. 

The other way is to use a builder as a shortcut. Web app builders such as Budibase, Adalo, DrapCode, and Shopify are some of the familiar names in the industry. These builders are perfect for someone who wants to learn to code but isn’t that efficient in the craft. Or if someone is not familiar with coding at all. No one says that you need to build web apps only if you know how to code. 

Here’s how to build a web app:

  1. Have your idea validated by market research. Are people searching for the solution to a problem you think you have solved? 
  2. What is the functionality of your app?
  3. How will your web app look to the end-user (designing phase)?

What is a Web Application

The defining functionality part is the most crucial part of web application development. Many developers get carried away in this phase. Remember your app does not need to be a single stop-shop for everyone. Keep in mind the goal you sought out. Stick to it!

Also, during the design phase, developers spend quite a bit of time on wireframing and sketching. Once done with it (and it will not take some days only, mind you), you will go ahead with the user POV. Questions such as how to sign-up, change the password or cancel the subscription, etc., get resolved here. 

Web app testing is also a critical aspect of the Software Development Life Cycle. Software Quality Assurance Engineers and Testers use different tools and approaches to test and verify the functionalities of the app. This step ensures the smooth running of the application, verifying the desired output.

What is MERN Stack?

And now to the grand finale: MERN stack. MERN is an abbreviation for the following terms:

1) MongoDB

It is a document-based open-source database with top-quality scalability and flexibility features.

2) Express.js

Express.js is a minimalist framework for Node.js. It is used to build secure apps for businesses and other ventures.

3) React Native

React Native is a JavaScript frontend library leveraged for user interface development.

4) Node.js

It brings JavaScript to the server using Chrome’s V8 JavaScript Engine.

Before moving ahead, you need to understand all four MongoDB, Express, React, and Native technologies necessary for web app development. You should also have npm installed on your system; npm stands for Node Package Manager. 

Remember that the MERN stack is identical to the traditional MEAN stack, except that MEAN uses Angular to bring the front-end web app development. MERN, on the other hand, uses React.

You Might be Interested in Reading

Comparison of PERN and MERN Web Development Stacks

Web App Development using MERN

MERN is used to build website applications for different types of industries. If not, install Node.js on your system before anything else. After that, a developer will have to add the Bootstrap framework to the project. Use the import “bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css”; command to ensure that the Bootstrap file is imported into the App.js.

Web App Development using MERN

Add React Router package: react-router-dom: afterward, and rearrange it by adding folders inside the root. You should also take care of the routing configuration in App.js. Build your own JSX code and see the magic unfold. 

To run your MERN web application, you need to bundle the React front-end and Node backend. You can use Webpack for this, as it is the most popular choice. Be sure to test the functionality of the app before formally launching it. 

MERN Stack Advantages

Full-Stack Development: The MERN stack encompasses all the components needed for full-stack development, including MongoDB for the database, Express.js for the backend framework, React for the frontend, and Node.js for the runtime environment. This allows developers to work seamlessly across the entire application stack.

JavaScript-Based: MERN stack development leverages JavaScript as the primary programming language for both the frontend and backend, providing developers with a unified language and reducing the learning curve. JavaScript’s widespread adoption and extensive ecosystem also offer a wealth of libraries, frameworks, and resources for building robust web applications.

React for Dynamic UI: With React as the frontend library, MERN stack development enables the creation of highly interactive and responsive user interfaces. React’s component-based architecture, virtual DOM, and rich ecosystem of libraries and tools contribute to a smooth development experience and efficient UI rendering.

Scalability and Flexibility: MongoDB, a NoSQL database, offers scalability and flexibility, making it well-suited for handling large amounts of data and accommodating evolving business needs. Combined with the Node.js runtime, which is known for its scalability and event-driven architecture, MERN stack development allows for the creation of scalable and high-performance applications.

Community and Support: The MERN stack has a vibrant and active developer community. This means access to a wealth of resources, tutorials, and open-source projects, making it easier to find solutions to common problems and stay updated with the latest developments. The active community also fosters collaboration and knowledge sharing among front end and back end developers to help them in the development process.

MERN Stack Disadvantages

Steeper Learning Curve: MERN stack development requires proficiency in multiple technologies, including MongoDB, Express.js, React, and Node.js. Mastering all these technologies can be challenging and time-consuming, especially for developers who are new to the stack.

Scalability Concerns: The MERN stack may face scalability issues when handling large-scale applications or heavy traffic. Node.js, while known for its scalability, may encounter performance limitations in certain scenarios, requiring additional optimization techniques or the use of other technologies.

Lack of Opinionated Structure: Unlike some other frameworks, the MERN stack does not impose a strict structure or conventions, which can lead to inconsistency in code organization and project architecture. Developers need to establish their own best practices and maintain code consistency throughout the project.

Limited Server-Side Rendering (SSR) Support: React, the front-end library in the MERN stack, has limited built-in support for server-side rendering (SSR), which can impact initial page load times and SEO optimization. Implementing SSR in a MERN stack application may require additional configuration and setup.

Complex Deployment and Hosting: Deploying and hosting a MERN stack application can be more complex compared to traditional LAMP stack applications. It often requires familiarity with cloud platforms, server configurations, and deployment tools to ensure smooth and efficient deployment.

Web App Development – In a Nutshell

Software development companies can leverage the MERN stack to make their browser apps. If the app demands, use CRUD operations for each React component. This blog explained the process of creating web applications using MERN stack, highlighting its pros and cons.

FAQ’s

Is MERN stack used for web development?

A combination of four technologies, the MERN stack is used for building dynamic websites and web applications.

Is MERN Stack in demand?

Skilled MERN stack developers are in high demand and are highly paid depending on their skill level.

How hard is MERN?

MERN stack encompasses four varying technologies, and mastering all of them is a big challenge.

Recent Posts

front end development
Best Front-End Frameworks for Web Development 2024

In the ever-evolving landscape of web development, there are countless tech stacks and frameworks out there. What this means is that you have to do proper research to find the best front-end framework to kickstart your web app development project. To ensure the success of your business, the selection of a suitable front-end framework is […]

Ecommerce Security Threats and Their Solutions
Your eCommerce CRO Checklist to Improve Conversion Rates

Picture this: you’re scrolling through your favorite online store, and a product catches your eye. You click on it, add it to your cart, and proceed to checkout. Congratulations, you’ve just completed an e-commerce conversion! These seemingly simple actions are the lifeblood of online businesses, as they directly contribute to sales and revenue growth. In […]

RPL 2024
RPL 2024: The Ultimate Cricket Showdown

No summer at Ropstam is complete without the annual Ropstam Premier League (RPL). This year, RPL Season 4 brought even more excitement and fierce competition to the cricket field. Teams battled it out with skill and determination, resulting in a cricket tournament like no other. From the hard work of the organizing team to the […]

Microsoft New Features For Copilot Studio
Microsoft Announces New Features For Copilot Studio

With the ambition of furthering the utilization of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Microsoft is set to introduce a host of new features for its Office Suite, including but not limited to Word and Excel. The new tools and extensions come with the promise of enhancing efficiency and data management for each and every user. PowerPoint Redefined […]

Profile Picture

The web application development team at Ropstam Solutions is an evolving group of coders dedicated to building powerful and scalable web applications. Our award-winning team combines technical proficiency and years of experience with creative problem-solving to deliver top-tier content in the realm of web application development.

Ropstam Web App Development Team

Related Posts

Alibaba Set To Launch ChatGPT Rival

Chinese tech giant Alibaba recently unveiled its own version of an AI chatbot named Tongyi Qianwen. The cloud computing unit of Alibaba, Alibaba Cloud, announced on Tuesday that the company would...
Best Figma-to-Code Plugins

Best Figma Code-Generator Plugins for Converting Designs

Figma is a popular tool for creating compelling UI/UX designs. If you are racing against the clock to deliver the application, there are various Figma plugins that can help you with this. With...
woocommerce vs restashop

WooCommerce vs PrestaShop – Which One to Choose in 2024?

If you are looking to start your e-commerce venture, identifying the ideal platform should be the top priority. In this domain, two of the more popular choices are WooCommerce and PrestaShop. The...
Google Announces New Features To Facilitate Android Developers

Google Announces New Features To Facilitate Android Developers

Google's relentless efforts to enhance the Android ecosystem continue to pay dividends for both developers and users alike. In a series of recent announcements, the tech giant has unveiled a slew of...

Why our clients
love us?

Our clients love us because we prioritize effective communication and are committed to delivering high-quality software solutions that meet the highest standards of excellence.

anton testimonial for ropstam solutions

“They met expectations with every aspect of design and development of the product, and we’ve seen an increase in downloads and monthly users.”

Anton Neugebauer, CEO, RealAdvice Agency
tariehk testimonial for ropstam solutions

“Willing to accommodate nonprofit budgets, Ropstam brought their robust experience to the project. They checked in consistently, and were communicative, easy to reach, and responsive.”

Tariehk, VP of Marketing.
mike stanzyk testimonial for ropstam solutions

“Their dedication to their clients is really impressive.  Ropstam Solutions Inc. communicates effectively with the client to ensure customer satisfaction.”

Mike Stanzyk, CEO, Stanzyk LLC

“Ropstam was an excellent partner in bringing our vision to life! They managed to strike the right balance between aesthetics and functionality, ensuring that the end product was not only visually appealing but also practical and usable.”

Jackie Philbin, Director - Nutrition for Longevity

Supercharge your software development with our expert team – get in touch today!